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America Largest Coal Miners Sales Volume Comparison

Mining in Australia. Flickr Image

This article compares the coal sales volume of 3 major coal producers in the U.S. and they are Peabody Energy (BTU), Arch Resources (ARCH), and Alliance Resource Partners, LP (ARLP).

Aside from being the major coal producers in the U.S., they are also the largest companies by market capitalization within the coal industry.

As of August 2021, each one of these coal miners has a market capitalization exceeding $1 billion, with BTU being the largest at $1.5 billion.

As much as we may not like coals, we definitely like the stock of the coal miners as the stock price of each of them has appreciated by more than 1000% in the last 3 years, putting some of the hottest companies on Wall Street such as Tesla to shame.

The question is, are coals or coal miners making a comeback?

Coal may not be coming back but the coal miners are, and they are rolling back with a much stronger cycle than before, riding along with the current commodity boom.

In this article, we are taking a look at the coal sales volume of these coal miners on an annual and trailing 12-month basis (TTM).

Aside from the historical trend, we are also getting into the 2021 outlook for coal shipment volume provided by Peabody, Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners.

So, let’s go take a look!

Thermal Coal Sales By Year

Thermal coal sales by year

Thermal coal sales by year

* Peabody’s thermal coal sales consist of the sum of the U.S. volume and seaborne volume.
* All companies’ thermal coal sales data are extracted from their respective annual and quarterly reports.
* FY2021 outlook for coal sales is obtained from the companies’ 2Q 2021 earnings releases.
* Thermal coal is sold mostly to utilities for power generation purposes.
* All companies’ fiscal year begins on Jan 1 and ends on Dec 31.

Let’s first look at the miners’ thermal coal sales by year as shown in the chart above.

On a yearly basis, Peabody is by far the biggest thermal coal producer among the 3 miners at more than 100 million tons per year.

In fiscal 2020, Peabody sold 124.5 million tons of thermal coal compared to only 55.7 million tons and 28.2 million tons for Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners, respectively.

Despite being the largest thermal coal miner, Peabody guided for a lower coal sales volume in fiscal 2021, at only 121.5 million tons, a decline of about 2% year-over-year.

In contrast, both Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners LP (ARLP) have guided for a higher thermal coal sales volume in fiscal 2021 at 57 million tons and 32.9 million tons, respectively.

While these coal miners have been the largest thermal coal producers in America, their coal sales volume has been on a decline.

As seen from the chart, Peabody, Arch Resources and ARLP’s thermal coal sales have been declining since fiscal 2018, and the reported figures in fiscal 2020 were the lowest in the last 3 years.

Despite guiding for a better outlook in fiscal 2021 for thermal coal sales, both Arch Resources and ARLP’s projected figures for 2021 are significantly down from their historical highs, thereby underscoring the long-term decline of thermal coal sales.

In short, thermal coal mining is likely a sun-setting industry going into the future, driven mainly by the world’s transition into green energy.

Metallurgical Coal Sales By Year

Metallurgical coal sales by year

Metallurgical coal sales by year

* ARLP produces very little metallurgical coal and the volume is insignificant.
* All companies’ metallurgical coal sales data are extracted from their respective annual and quarterly reports.
* FY2021 outlook for coal sales is obtained from the companies’ 2Q 2021 earnings releases.
* Metallurgical coal is turned into coke for steel-making.
* All companies’ fiscal year begins on Jan 1 and ends on Dec 31.

In terms of metallurgical coal sales, Peabody used to be a bigger player than Arch Resources.

For example, in fiscal 2018, Peabody sold 11 million tons of metallurgical coal compared to only 7.7 million tons sold by Arch Resources.

However, Peabody’s metallurgical coal sales have since dwindled and reached only 5.6 million tons in fiscal 2020 while projecting a much lower sales volume in fiscal 2021 at 4.8 million tons.

On the other hand, Arch Resources has aimed to become a major metallurgical coal player due to the commodity potential in a seemingly warming world.

For your information, metallurgical coal is used primarily as the main ingredient in steel-making.

According to Arch Resources, a de-carbonizing world will require a lot of steel for urbanization, infrastructure replacement and the construction of essential de-carbonization tools such as mass transit systems, wind turbines and electric vehicles.

Given the importance of steel and the role that metallurgical coal will play in a de-carbonization world, Arch Resources has stepped up its effort to produce more high-quality metallurgical coal with the aim of reaching 7.8 million tons of sales in fiscal 2021, an 11% year-on-year increase.

In short, Arch Resources has overtaken Peabody as the major player in the metallurgical coal market with the aim of shipping as much as 7.8 million tons in fiscal 2021 compared to only 4.8 million tons projected by Peabody in the same fiscal year.

Thermal Coal Sales By TTM

Thermal coal sales by TTM

Thermal coal sales by TTM

* Peabody’s thermal coal sales consist of the sum of the U.S. volume and seaborne volume.
* All companies’ thermal coal sales data are extracted from their respective annual and quarterly reports.
* TTM figures are calculated based on the sum of the quarterly data on a trailing 12-month or 4-quarter basis.
* All companies’ fiscal year begins on Jan 1 and ends on Dec 31.

From a TTM perspective, all coal miners, including Peabody, Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners have been experiencing a decline in thermal coal sales volume in the last 3 years.

However, the miners’ thermal coal sales seem to have reached the bottom in fiscal 1Q 2021 and a turnaround has started to appear in 2Q 2021.

As of 2Q 2021, Peabody delivered 124.4 million tons of thermal coal on a TTM basis, a first sequential increase in more than a year while Arch Resources shipped 56.7 million tons of thermal coal, less than half of what Peabody sold in the same fiscal quarter.

Of all 3 miners, Alliance Resource Partners sold the least at only 30.4 million tons of thermal coal as of 2021 2Q.

The turnaround in thermal coal shipment in fiscal 2021 2Q for all 3 miners may or may not last, depending largely on the volume that will be shipped in the 2nd half of 2021.

All in all, Peabody is a much larger player in the thermal coal market at more than twice the combined volume of Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners.

Metallurgical Coal Sales By TTM

Metallurgical coal sales by TTM

Metallurgical coal sales by TTM

* ARLP produces very little metallurgical coal and the volume is insignificant.
* All companies’ thermal coal sales data are extracted from their respective annual and quarterly reports.
* TTM figures are calculated based on the sum of the quarterly data on a trailing 12-month or 4-quarter basis.
* All companies’ fiscal year begins on Jan 1 and ends on Dec 31.

While Peabody has largely dominated the thermal coal market, it loses to Arch Resources when it comes to the metallurgical coal market.

As shown in the chart above, Peabody’s metallurgical coal sales have been on a decline on a TTM basis and reached only 4.9 million tons in fiscal 2Q 2021, one of the lowest figures ever reported.

In contrast, Arch Resources is a much bigger player in the metallurgical coal market.

While Arch Resources’ metallurgical coal sales have slightly declined since 4Q 2019, the sales figures have rebounded significantly in 2Q 2021, reporting a much higher TTM figure compared to the same quarter a year ago.

In fiscal 2021 Q2, Arch Resources shipped significantly higher metallurgical coal than Peabody did on a TTM basis, due primarily to the company’s ambitious plan of turning itself into a bigger player in the metallurgical coal market.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Peabody is a major player in the thermal coal market, with coal sales volume reaching as much as 124.5 million tons in fiscal 2020.

On the other hand, both Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners are much smaller players in the thermal coal market, and their combined sales volume was only slightly more than half of what Peabody reported in 2020.

For the metallurgical coal market, Arch Resource is a bigger player at 7.0 million tons of coal sales in fiscal 2020 while Peabody reported only 5.6 million tons of coal sales in the same fiscal year.

Similar to Peabody, Alliance Resource Partners also is a thermal coal player, with sales volume reaching 28.2 million tons in fiscal 2020, a significantly small figure compared to that of Peabody.

All 3 coal miners, Peabody, Arch Resources and Alliance Resource Partners, saw a turnaround in coal sales during 2Q 2021 on a TTM basis.

However, on a long-term basis, total coal sales volume, be it thermal or metallurgical, is still on a declining trend, underscoring the waning demand for coal in a de-carbonizing world.

References and Credits

1. All financial information in this article was obtained and referenced from the annual and quarterly reports which are available in the following links:

a) BTU Investors Relation
b) ARCH Earnings Call Results
c) ARLP’s Quarterly Results

2. Featured images in this article are used under Creative Commons Licenses and obtained from Mining in Australia and Colorful stones.

Useful Statistics For Other Companies

Disclosure

The content in this article is for informational purposes only and is neither a recommendation nor a piece of financial advice to purchase a stock.

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